Fisheries Research Articles

Predicting catch per unit effort from a multispecies commercial fishery in Port Phillip Bay, Australia

Document Type


Publication Date


Journal Title

Marine and Freshwater Research


Print: 1323-1650 Electronic: 1448-6059


box-jenkins, cross-correlation, seasonal pattern, time series analysis, transfer function, trend


Aquaculture and Fisheries | Marine Biology


Quantitative models that predict stock abundance can inform stock assessments and adaptive management that allows for less stringent controls when abundance is high and environmental conditions are suitable, or tightening controls when abundance is low and environmental conditions are least suitable. Absolute estimates of stock abundance are difficult and expensive to obtain, but data from routine reporting in commercial fisheries logbooks can provide an indicator of stock status. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models were constructed using catch per unit effort (CPUE) from commercial fishing in Port Phillip Bay from 1978–79 to 2009–10. Univariate and multivariate models were compared for short-lived species (Sepioteuthis australis), and species represented by 1–2 year-classes (Sillaginodes punctatus) and 5–6 year-classes (Chrysophrys auratus). Simple transfer models incorporating environmental variables produced the best predictive models for all species. Multivariate ARIMA models are dependent on the availability of an appropriate time series of explanatory variables. This study demonstrates an application of time series methods to predict monthly CPUE that is relevant to fisheries for species that are short lived or vulnerable to fishing during short phases in their life history or where high intra-annual variation in stock abundance occurs through environmental variability.