Western Australia, Cattle lice, Linognathus vituli
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Six different species of cattle lice occur in Australia including both sucking and biting types. Both types produce symptoms of skin irritation but the sucking lice are the more serious since they feed in clusters, piercing the skin and sucking up blood and tissue foods, whereas the biting lice feed only on scurf and scales on the surface of the skin. Heavy lice infestations cause acute irritation and the cattle are constantly rubbing against fences and trees to allay the discomfort. The presence of lice in large numbers causes retarded growth and loss of condition.
"Lice on cattle,"
Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 3: Vol. 3:
4, Article 17.
Available at: https://library.dpird.wa.gov.au/journal_agriculture3/vol3/iss4/17