Western Australia, Cereal smut disease, Cereal smut
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The well-known smut diseases of wheat, oats and barley are caused by fungal parasites which produce masses of soot-like fungal seeds or spores in the plants they attack, and it is from this dark coloured spore material that the name "smut" is derived.
Cass Smith, W P.
"Plant disease - cereal smut diseases and their control,"
Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 3: Vol. 3:
3, Article 15.
Available at: https://library.dpird.wa.gov.au/journal_agriculture3/vol3/iss3/15