Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 3


Western Australia, Trees, Warted Yate, Eucalyptus megacornuta . A. Gardn., Crowned mallee, Eucalyptus coronata C. A. Gardn., Teh Bullich, Eucalyptus megacarpa F. Muell., Bell-fruited mallee, Eucalyptus preissiana Schua.

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THE Warted Yate was originally discovered by the writer in 1927 in the Ravensthorpe Range, and to date it is a tree of restricted habitat in that the species has not been found occurring naturally in any other locality.

ON the hills of the south coast extending from and including Middle Mount Barren and East Mount Barren, the Crowned Mallee is found in scattered spots. Originally discovered on Middle Mount Barren in 1926, it has subsequently been found in other places, principally around East Mount Barren, growing amon? quartzite rocks and attaining a height of about five feet, although usually less. In cultivation it grows somewhat taller, and has been widely cultivated in Victoria for windbreak purposes.

THE name "megacarpa," meaning large-fruited, is not particularly appropriate, for compared with other Western Australian species of Eucalyptus, the fruits are not large. The species takes on two distinct forms. A tree form is found mostly in wet soils in the karri and southern jarrah forests extending from Jarrahdale on the Serpentine River to the vicinity of Alb my, and also on the limestone soil of the valleys at Yallingup. A mallee form is found on the mountains of the Stirling Range, in shale and quartzite; this form is also found as far east as the Barren Hills.' Both forms are attractive.

THE Bell-Fruited Mallee is one of the most attractive of our small shrubby species of Eucalyptus. It is found in the south coastal districts from the west end of the Stirling Range as far eastwards as Stoke's Inlet. Rarely exceeding three or four feet in height, and of untidy, straggling habit, with stiff, blunt, grey-green leaves, its shortcomings in these respects are more than outweighed by its magnificent blossoms of rich yellow, and its attractive bell-shaped fruits. It grows in poor soils, such as stony sandstone country, usually on the open heath.