Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 3


Western Australia, Acetonaemia, Dairy cow

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ACETONAEMIA—sometimes called ketosis or acidosis—occurs quite frequently in dairy herds, but is rarely recognised as such by dairy farmers. Many cases of the disease have been encountered in the field and many others have been reported in which the description furnished has left little doubt concerning the identity of the condition. The available information suggests that the incidence of the disease has increased during recent years. For the most part, acetonaemia occurs during the first six weeks of lactation and is characterised by loss of appetite, marked reduction of milk yield, rapid loss of condition, listlessness and constitpation, and at times by the presence of a peculiar sweetish odour which may be detected in the breath, milk and urine. In some cases there are nervous complications.